Mission San Buenaventura was the ninth in the series of California Missions to be founded by Father Serra, and it was his last. [20] The wooden Serra statue was placed in a corner of the atrium with explanatory plaques. The City loaned an initial sum of $15,000 to begin the process to be repaid by local boosters who raised more than $100,000 through the sale of limited edition 18-inch bronze replicas (hand-tooled by Charles Kubilos),[16][17] posters/lithographs,[18][19] and T-shirts, hats, and pins bearing the phrase "I Support the Serra Statue". Defend Father Serra! [3]:6, On November 27, 1936, Kangas' concrete sculpture[9] was unveiled in front of the Ventura County Courthouse (later converted to Ventura City Hall). Plaque displayed at the base of the statue. The Junipero Serra statue at Ventura City Hall. In 2015, he was canonized by Pope Francis — the first canonization on U.S. soil — and has remained a controversial figure for what critics argue was his poor treatment of Native Americans. "[3]:12 The City in 1984 commissioned studies of the statue by an art conservator, an engineering firm, and a concrete expert. The right side of the seal shows industries of Ventura County. The wooden statue is being moved into storage until a more permanent home is found. They will also remove the wooden Serra statue in the City Hall attrium. Go out and actually pay somebody to do the work? [3]:13 In 1986, Burns' proposal was unanimously adopted by the Ventura City Council. A statue of Father Junipero Serra is removed from outside Ventura City Hall on July 23, 2020. The fact that he aimed to christiniaze Indians is a clear evidence of the high regard he had towards them. "Comparison of Three Statues", a paper by Shirley Week (Kangas' daughter), October 9, 1990, p. 3, contained in Serra Statue ephemera file at the Research Library of the Museum of Ventura County. (Credit: Cbl62/wikimedia. for more info visit any tab this site Thanks a lot Here………………………. Following Serra's canonization in 2015, Serra statues were vandalized at Carmel Mission (smeared with green paint, "Saint of Genocide" written on a headstone),[42] Monterey's Lower Presidio Historic Park (decapitated),[43] San Fernando Mission (hands painted red and word "murderer" scrawled),[44] Mission Santa Barbara (decapitated and covered in red paint),[45] and San Gabriel Mission (cut with electric saw and splashed with red paint). (Photo by Anna Tretko) A grassroots group of current and former Ventura residents has sued the city over the removal last week of a statue of 18th century Spanish missionary Junipero Serra from … In 1782, Serra founded Mission San Buenaventura, his ninth and final mission, on a site that became downtown Ventura. The anti-Serra social media announcement about the June 20, 1 PM demonstration in Ventura, California. [12][14], Ownership of the concrete statue passed from Ventura County to the City of Ventura in 1971. Junipero Serra never killed an Indian. [3]:57 The bronze figure was then cast in 20 pieces using the "lost wax" method. [31][25], In May 1980, primer paint was poured over the concrete statue; city workers sandblasted the paint from the statue. A statue of Father Junipero Serra stands in front of the San Gabriel Mission in San Gabriel, California on September 23, 2015. As deterioration of the concrete statue became a concern, a wood replica was created by local carvers and used to make a bronze cast. Father Serra was called by many "the apostle of California" and has long held an honored place in California's diverse and culturally collaborative history. Father Serra is credited with bringing Catholicism to California but many blame him for what they say were his efforts to do away with Native American culture in California and for the premature deaths of thousands of indigenous people. Photo by Stephen Heap. For the first time in Ventura County, a statue representing the colonization, enslavement and killing of the Chumash people, the indigenous people who lived on the land that today is called the City of San Buenaventura, will be removed. The City Council voted 6-0 to remove the bronze Serra statue from atop California Street in front of City Hall. [3]:37, The carving took 14 months from April 1987 to June 1988. A Serra statue was toppled in downtown Los Angeles last month, as was one in San Francisco’s Golden Gate Park. A handful of anarchists wanting to riot if these statues are not taken down. [48] The Mission San Luis Obispo also removed their statue from public display. (Photo by Anna Tretko) A grassroots group of current and former Ventura residents has sued the city over the removal last week of a statue of 18th century Spanish missionary Junipero Serra from in front of City Hall. [33] In May 1992, the bronze cast's hand was painted with red paint, and a message was stenciled on the concrete below accusing Serra of having failed to honor God and claiming that Serra was a symbol of slavery to Native Americans. [6] The sculpting process began with the creation of a full-size clay model; the clay model took four months to complete and was built at Kangas' studio at 3929 Fountain Avenue in Los Angeles. Mission San Buenaventura was the ninth in the series of California Missions to be founded by Father Serra, and it was his last. kimberly@vcreporter.com. The statue, sculpted by Uno John Palo Kangas, was placed in a prominent location in a public park across the street from the Ventura County Courthouse in 1936. Father Serra was born Miguel Jose Serra on November 24, 1713, at Petra on the island of Mallorca in Spain. The Serra Cross, sometimes also known as the Cross on the Hill or the Grant Park Cross, is a Christian cross on a hill known as "La Loma de la Cruz" in Ventura, California. Serra brought Catholic missions to California in the 18th century and founded nine of the 21 current missions in the state. Youths in Camp", "Fra Serra Clay Statue Finished by Sculptor", "Merriam Pays High Honor to Father Serra", "Buried Treasure: Original Statue of Father Junipero Serra Found in Scrap Yard", "Two meetings on fate of Ventura's Father Serra statue slated as emotions run high", "Transformation: Retired Cabinetmaker's Rendering of Father Serra Helps Resurrect a Statue Ravaged by Sea Air, Time", "Church Members on Mission to Get City's Serra Statue", "Father Serra sculpture being recast at COD", "Palm Desert Sculpture School to Cast Bronze Copy of Junipero Serra Statue", "Serra Statue to Be Shown Over Protests of 2 Groups", "Latino Catholics See Reflection in a Friar Set for Sainthood", "Junipero Serra statue to be moved away from Ventura City Hall", "California is confronting its ugly, racist past. [40], In the early morning of July 24, construction crews removed the statue from its plinth. [4] Kangas had gained some acclaim in 1935 for a heroic statue of a Civilian Conservation Corps worker titled "Conservation of Man and Nature" that was installed at Griffith Park in Los Angeles. [15][3]:24 According to a book written on the process, "more than 4,000 charts, drawings, grids, and photographs were made from the measurements. ©2021 CBS Broadcasting Inc. All Rights Reserved. [3]:6 Kangas gathered sand and gravel from the Ventura River,[4] which he used to make a concrete aggregate material that he poured on location into the mold. The bronze statue was removed just before 5 a.m. Wednesday and is being relocated to Mission San Buenaventura. The author, Rellis Smith, wrote: "To have statues such as the one in front of Ventura City Hall is a direct slap in the face of all Chumash and other Native American cultures. Controversial? They are literally out for the saint’s head throughout California. [15] During the 1987 Ventura County Fair, the wood block was temporarily moved to the county fairgrounds where the carvers' work became an attraction for visitors. [27][28][3]:58–59, The bronze cast[9] was unveiled in front of Ventura City Hall at a ceremony on October 20, 1989, attended by more than 500 persons. There will be two virtual meetings open to the public as well. 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The Father Serra statue in Ventura, California, depicting Junípero Serra, the founder of Mission San Buenaventura, was commissioned by Ventura County through the Works Progress Administration as part of the Federal Art Project. Its unclear if it has already been removed as well. Following Serra's canonization in 2015, Serra statues were vandalized at Carmel Mission(smeared with green paint, "Saint of Genocide" … Protesters try to topple Junipero Serra Statue in Ventura, California. [3]:13[15], Based on the findings, Councilman Burns proposed the creation of a wood replica of the statue which could then be used as a model for a bronze cast to be put in place of the decaying concrete statue. Jessica M. Roybal, the executive director of the Indian Council, said “What a slap in the face to the Indian people.”[31] Members of the Padre Serra Parish in nearby Camarillo offered to display the wooden statue in a place of honor but were turned down. ... All reviews gift shop california history beautiful church junipero serra olive press main street downtown ventura father serra santa barbara great history … .. national call for the removal certain statues, Barbareño/Venureño Band of Mission Indians, City of Ventura Historic Landmarks and Districts, "City of San Buenaventura Historic Landmarks & Districts", "Ventura City Council Votes To Remove Junipero Serra Statue", "Father Serra's Statue Gets New Life – in Bronze", "Sculptor Will Depict C.C.C. However, a newspaper story from April 1938 suggests that the original clay model may have been loaned to a museum in Butte, Montana, for an exhibition on scale models of sculpture. [3]:11 In 1983, Ventura City Councilman Russell Burns, a mechanical engineer, presented a report to the City Council describing the deterioration of the statue and concluding that the statue "in the not too distant future will fall apart. On the beach south of the present-day mission church, he blessed an area of land and planted a wooden cross. [3]:2 The carvers' studio was open to the public, and busloads of schoolchildren, senior citizens, and tourists visited the studio to observe the process. Likewise, the statue of St. Junípero Serra was toppled last week at Father Serra Park in Los Angeles. Junipero Serra is credited as the founder of the first nine missions in California, but he is also accused of destroying Native American culture. In addition, the statue was vandalised with paint and the City sandblasted the statue, damaging the statue's smooth outer layer and accelerating the decay. Both statues will be kept safe in storage until their future locations are determined. [34], Serra was canonised as a saint by Pope Francis in September 2015, drawing national attention to Ventura's Father Serra statue. The concrete statue was replaced by the bronze cast in 1989. The people of Ventura are invited to share written responses online, which will be reviewed by the City Council. The Ventura County seal’s left side is dominated by an image of Serra, with a mission church in the background. "[3]:28 Master carver Wilbur Rubottom and a team of 16 carvers from the Channel Islands Carvers club then painstakingly created the wood replica in a studio at the old livery building on Palm Street in Ventura. A plaque at the base of the statue states: "The citizens of the City of San Buenaventura gratefully recognize the extraordinary efforts of Councilman Russell Burns (1918–1994) and master carver Wilbur Rubottom (1914–1993) to replace the decaying concrete 1936 statue of Father Serra by John Palo-Kangas with this bronze copy dedicated on October 20, 1989. However, the very English language used by the protesters against Junipero is in itself a symbol of colonialism. View of Father Serra Statue and California Street from steps of Ventura City Hall. [20][3]:17–19[21][22], The reproduction process began by taking precise measurements of all aspects of the concrete statue, using 1,782 points of reference. He also made multiple sketches in preparation for the work. A statue in Los Angeles and another statue in San Francisco were toppled on Juneteenth. Preservation of Father Serra’s name on Junipero Serra Elementary School. Father Junípero Serra, born in Spain in 1713, was a Franciscan friar who sailed to the Americas in 1749 to bring the gospel to the California natives. Last week, the Ventura City Council voted to remove a bronze statue of the Roman Catholic priest which sits outside City Hall, along with a wooden statue of Serra located inside City Hall. [26] A group of the student artists visited the wood statue at the old livery building and made latex molds in multiple sections. Pictured: The bronze statue of Father Junipero Serra at Ventura City Hall. This was done in response to complaints that Father Serra and his fellow priests cruelly subjugated the indigenous people of California as they established their missions along El Camino Real. For the first time in Ventura County, a statue representing the colonization, enslavement and killing of the Chumash people, the indigenous people who lived on the land that today is called the City of San Buenaventura, will be removed. View of Father Serra Statue and California Street from steps of Ventura City Hall. As a native of Ventura, I am partial. [35] In August 2017, amid the controversy over public display and vandalism of Serra statues, the Ventura County Star published an Op-ed calling for the removal of such statues. Silent majority cornholed once again. In Ventura, LaVere, Tumamait-Stenslie and Father Tom Elewaut, pastor of the mission founded by Serra in 1782 and built by the indigenous people, issued a joint statement on June 18 agreeing to take down the statue and have it “moved to a more appropriate non-public location.” Because of this commitment, LaVere abstained from voting Wednesday. The last of these nine missions, founded on March 31, 1782, was Mission San Buenaventura , which today is an active parish of 3,000 members located at 211 East Main Street in Ventura. A proposal to remove St. Junipero Serra from Ventura County’s official seal is unwarranted, and elected officials need to know Serra’s true story, according to … "[10], By the 1980s, it had deteriorated from years of exposure to Ventura's salt air and from the pooling of rainwater in the collar of the statue's robe, which formed a basin. On July 16, the Ventura City Council unanimously voted to remove the long-standing statue of Father Junipero Serra in front of Ventura City Hall. Ventura's Father Serra statues will be removed from city property and relocated. In all, 10,000 man hours were dedicated to creating the wood replica. 8/8 SLIDES. When he … [2], In 1935, Uno John Palo Kangas (1904–1957), a sculptor born in Finland and raised in Michigan, was commissioned by Ventura County and the Works Progress Administration to create a statue of Father Serra as part of the Federal Art Project. The English-speaking 49ers made an effor to exterminate all Indians they could, with the support of the successive Governors of the state of California. The Ventura City Council cast a 6-0 vote during its meeting Wednesday night to remove a statue of Father Junipero Serra from outside its city hall and relocate it to the Mission San Buenaventura. 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