Several countries, including the United States, banned it in 1969, but although the ban has been lifted in Europe, it’s still banned in the United States. Aspartame: UK Parliamentarian Calls For Ban. European legislation harmonising its use in foodstuffs was introduced in 1994 following thorough safety evaluations by the Scientific Committee on Food (SCF) in 1984 and 1988. EFSA’s opinion on aspartame is a good example of how scientists are working to better explain and outline their risk assessment approaches in their scientific outputs. Thus, the use of aspartame lowers the calories in foods or beverages. It is a white, odourless powder, approximately 200 times sweeter than sugar. European Journal of Oncology 2005; 10(2):107–116. Regulators in the UK and the US insist aspartame is still safe to use in soft drinks. The independence of scientific experts and all those involved in the activities of EFSA is ensured by one of the most rigorous Declaration of Interest policies in force in the world. disease. Studies do not suggest an increased risk associated with aspartame consumption for pre-term delivery in pregnant women, leukaemia, brain tumours or a variety of cancers, including brain, lymphatic and haematopoietic (blood) cancers. Based on the available scientific evidence, EFSA’s experts concluded that dietary exposure to methanol from aspartame does not pose a safety concern. For example, a serving of non-fat milk provides about six times more phenylalanine and 13 times more aspartic acid compared to an equivalent amount of a diet beverage sweetened only with aspartame. EFSA is constantly vigilant to potential conflicts of interest whilst recognising that the top scientific experts in Europe can only gain their expertise by being active in their fields. Given these findings, EFSA’s experts concluded that consumer safety is not at risk from exposure to DKP from aspartame in foods and drinks. Following ingestion, aspartame breaks down in the gut into its three constituent parts: aspartic acid, phenylalanine and methanol. The acceptable daily intake (ADI) of 40mg/kg bw/day is considered protective for the general population and consumer exposure to aspartame is estimated to be well below this ADI. EFSA regularly consults the scientific community and other stakeholders on its guidance documents and, when compatible with the procedures and deadlines laid down in the relevant EU legislation, also on important scientific outputs of keen public interest such as its  opinion on aspartame. under the brand name NutraSweet. Therefore, it has an industrial production of 3000–6000 metric tons every year. For example, data may refer to acute (one-off) exposure when chronic (long-term) information is needed. Brands outside the U.S. include Canderel® (found in Europe) and Pal Sweet® (found in Asia). This implies that an adult weighing 60kg would have to drink 12 (330ml) cans of a diet soft drink (containing aspartame at the maximum permitted levels of use), every hour to reach this blood phenylalanine concentration. 2013 EFSA publishes its first full risk assessment of aspartame. By Barbara Woolsey. If … For instance, to reach the ADI for aspartame (40 mg/kg body weight), an adult weighing 60kg would have to drink 12 (330ml) cans of a diet soft drink (containing aspartame at the maximum permitted levels of use), every day for the rest of his/her life. This article investigates what aspartame is … (Formic acid is the poison found in the sting of fire ants). It found no reason to remove aspartame from the market. Since no one wants to be branded with the label, most companies avoid using the dyes. Stevia, the natural sweetener. is based in Parma, Italy. The ADI can apply to a specific additive or a group of additives with similar properties. Moisture, pH, temperature and storage time can all affect the stability of aspartame, causing it to break down into impurities including the substance 5-benzyl-3,6-dioxo-2-piperazine acetic acid (also known as ‘Di-ketopiperazine’ or DKP). The ESFA, the European Union's food risk assessment agency, The Panel compared blood phenylalanine levels in humans following consumption of aspartame, with blood phenylalanine levels associated with developmental effects in children born from PKU mothers. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved aspartame for use in food and drink back in 1981. In regulating the use of aspartame in foods, EU risk managers have recognised the need to ensure that PKU sufferers are made aware of the presence of aspartame in foods so that they can avoid exposure to this substance. 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